FEA iFuse Sacropelvic fixation (Panico - Spine J 2020)
The Use of Triangular Implants to Enhance Sacropelvic Fixation: A Finite Element Investigation
Panico M, Chande RD, Lindsey DP, Mesiwala A, Villa TMT, Yerby SA, Brayda-Bruno M, Galbusera F.
Spine J. 2020 Oct;20(10):1717-1724. [Epub 2020 Jun 2]
Background context: Long thoracolumbar fixation and fusion have become a consolidated treatment for severe spinal disorders. Concomitant sacropelvic fixation with S2 alar-iliac (S2AI) screws is frequently performed to limit instrumentation failure and pseudarthrosis at the lumbosacral junction.
Purpose: This study explored the use of triangular titanium implants in different configurations in which the implants supplemented standard sacropelvic fixation with S2AI screws in order to further increase the stability of S2AI fixation.
Study design: Finite element study.
Methods: Four T10-pelvis instrumented models were built: pedicle screws and rods in T10-S1 (PED); pedicle screws and rods in T10-S1, and bilateral S2 alar-iliac screws (S2AI); pedicle screws and rods in T10-S1, bilateral S2AI screws, and triangular implants inserted bilaterally in a sacral alar-iliac trajectory (Tri-SAI); pedicle screws and rods in T10-S1, bilateral S2AI screws and two bilateral triangular titanium implants inserted in a lateral trajectory (Tri-Lat). The models were tested under pure moments of 7.5 Nm in flexion-extension, lateral bending and axial rotation.
Results: SIJ motion was reduced by 50% to 66% after S2AI fixation; the addition of triangular titanium implants in either a SAI or a lateral trajectory further reduced it. S2AI, Tri-SAI, and Tri-Lat resulted in significantly lower stresses in S1 pedicle screws when compared to PED. Triangular implants had a protective effect on the maximal stresses in S2AI screws, especially when placed in the SAI trajectory. Sacropelvic fixation did not have any protective effect on the posterior rods.
Conclusions: Supplementing S2AI screws with triangular implants had a protective effect on the S2AI screws themselves, as well as the S1 pedicle screws, in the tested model.
Clinical significance: Triangular implants can substantially reduce the residual flexibility of the SIJ with respect to S2AI fixation alone, suggesting a possible role in patients needing reinforced fixation. In vivo investigation is needed to determine if these in vitro effects translate into clinically important differences.
KEYWORDS: Long thoracolumbar fixation; Pelvic fixation; S2 alar-iliac screws; Triangular implants.