Robot-Assisted SI Joint Fusion Revision with iFuse in S2AI Trajectory (Triano - J Neurosurg Case Lessons 2021)
Robot-assisted Revision of Sacroiliac Joint Fusion Using A Triangular Titanium Implant in an S2-alar-iliac trajectory: Illustrative Case.
Background: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction can lead to significant pain and disability, greatly impairing quality of life. Arthrodesis may take up to 1 year to occur, after which revision can be considered. There is a need for highly accurate and reproducible techniques for revision that allow for purchase through undisturbed bone to prevent prolonged pain and disability. Moreover, a minimally invasive technique for revision would be favorable for recovery, particularly in elderly patients..
Observations: An 84-year-old man with a prior history of lumbar fusion presented with severe buttock pain limiting ambulation and sitting because of the failure of arthrodesis after SIJ fusion 1 year earlier. He underwent revision using a triangular titanium implant (TTI) in an S2-alar-iliac (S2-AI) trajectory under robotic guidance, which is a novel technique not yet described in the literature. The patient's pain largely resolved, he was able to ambulate independently, and his quality of life improved tremendously. There were no complications of surgery.
Lessons: Placement of a TTI using an S2-AI trajectory is a safe and effective method for revision that can be considered for elderly patients. Robot-assisted navigation can be used to facilitate an accurate and reproducible approach using a minimally invasive approach.
Keywords: TTI = triangular titanium implant; AP = anteroposterior; CT = computed tomography; K-wire = Kirschner wire; S2-AI = S2-alar-iliac; SIJ = sacroiliac joint; SIJF = SIJ fusion; arthrodesis; case reports; reoperation; robotic surgical procedures; sacroiliac joint.