Utility of Intraoperative Neuromonitoring during Minimally Invasive Fusion of the Sacroiliac Joint.

Woods M, et al. Advances in Orthopedics. 2014;2014:154041.

Abstract:

Study Design. Retrospective case series.

Objective. To document the clinical utility of intraoperative neuromonitoring during minimally invasive surgical sacroiliac joint fusion for patients diagnosed with sacroiliac joint dysfunction (as a direct result of sacroiliac joint disruptions or degenerative sacroiliitis) and determine stimulated electromyography thresholds reflective of favorable implant position. 

Summary of Background Data. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is a well-accepted adjunct to minimally invasive pedicle screw placement. The utility of intraoperative neuromonitoring during minimally invasive surgical sacroiliac joint fusion using a series of triangular, titaniumporous plasma coated implants has not been evaluated. 

Methods. A medical chart review of consecutive patients treated with minimally invasive surgical sacroiliac joint fusion was undertaken at a single center. Baseline patient demographics and medical history, intraoperative electromyography thresholds, and perioperative adverse events were collected after obtaining IRB approval. Results. 111 implants were placed in 37 patients. Sensitivity of EMG was 80% and specificity was 97%. Intraoperative neuromonitoring potentially avoided neurologic sequelae as a result of improper positioning in 7% of implants. 

Conclusions. The results of this study suggest that intraoperative neuromonitoring may be a useful adjunct to minimally invasive surgical sacroiliac joint fusion in avoiding nerve injury during implant placement.

Conflict of Interests. This studywas performed atMissoula Bone & Joint, LLCand was sponsored by SI-BONE, Inc. No funds were received by MichaelWoods, Denise Birkholz, AdamWoods or Missoula Bone & Joint LL in support of this work. Michael Woods is a paid consultant for SI-BONE, Inc. Robyn Capobianco and Regina MacBarb are employees of SI-BONE, Inc.